The Sexed semen technology with user guidelines and implementation modalities aims to intensify the Heifer production in the country. This technology was validated since 2014 through applied research conducted on-station (Govt. farms) and on-farm at dzongkhags which resulted in 89.6% female birth (168 females out of 187 progenies born) under Bhutanese farming environment. Thus, release of this technology is very timely in view of growing demand of heifers and need for such technology to accelerate dairy heifer production across the country.
With the priority accorded by the Ministry on this technology, National Dairy Research and Development Centre (NDRDC) carried out series of groundwork on proficient application of Artificial Insemination Techniques in all regions involving 101 field staff. Further, consultative meeting with Dzongkhags Livestock Officers, Breeding Focal Officers/staff of Dzongkhags and Farm Managers, Govt. farms were conducted; and procured over 8500 doses of sexed semen from abroad in the recent past to speed-up application of sexed semen technology.
Since October 2019, 1060 doses of imported frozen bovine sexed semen are distributed to 15 dzongkhags. As of June 2020, 285 animals have been inseminated. Adjoining villages with progressive Dairy Farmers /contract breeders were involved in a Cluster Village Approach to ease implementation and to create visibility of interventions.
The application of this technology will be expanded in planned manner in all dzongkhags in the country with the potential for dairy entrepreneurship, in next three years. The intervention is expected to produce estimated 6757 heifers by end of 12th FYP.
Besides, salient findings of 13 research papers published in Bhutan Journal of Animals Science and other International Journals is synthesized as “Package of Good Practices and Recommendations” for use by Extension staff. This knowledge dissemination mechanism to translate research findings into extension messages is expected to improve dairy farming practices in Bhutan.